Acne scars are a common skin concern that can occur after pimples or other breakouts clear. There are 5 main types of acne scars: boxcar, rolling, ice pick, hyperpigmentation, and hypertrophic. Acne scars are caused by a variety of factors including acne severity, picking or squeezing pimples, heredity, hormonal imbalance, and age.
While there is no one-size-fits-all treatment for getting rid of them, there are several effective options available including over-the-counter acne treatments, retinoid creams, chemical peels, laser therapy, and microdermabrasion.
The Different Types of Acne Scars
Boxcar acne scars are characterized by their angular, rectangular shape. They can be shallow or deep, and are most often found on the cheeks and temples. Boxcar scars are usually the result of severe acne, and can be difficult to treat.
Rolling acne scars are characterized by their wave-like appearance. They are caused by damage to the skin’s collagen and elastin, which leads to a loss of skin tissue. Rolling scars are most often found on the cheeks, but can also occur on the chin, forehead, and back.
Ice pick acne scars are characterized by their deep, narrow appearance. They are caused by a loss of collagen and elastin, which leads to a loss of skin tissue. Ice pick scars are most often found on the cheeks, but can also occur on the chin, forehead, and on the back.
Hyperpigmentation is characterized by an increase in melanin production in the skin. This can lead to darkening of the skin, and is often seen in people with darker skin tones. Hyperpigmentation is most often found on the face, neck, chest, and back – areas that are most exposed to the sun. It can also be seen in people who have had laser treatment or chemical peels for acne scarring.
Hypertrophic scars are raised, thickened scars that occur when too much collagen is produced during wound healing. They can be itchy or painful, and usually develop within 6-12 months after injury. Hypertrophic scars most commonly occur on the chest, shoulders, arms, and legs – areas where there is more tissue.
Acne scars are most likely to form when there is a deep break in the wall of the pore. If the pore collapses, the surrounding skin is unable to heal properly and a scar forms. The severity of the acne also plays a role in the formation of scars. For example, cystic acne is more likely to cause scars than blackheads or whiteheads.
Picking and squeezing at acne can also lead to the formation of scars. When pimples are squeezed, the walls of the pores are often damaged. This damage can cause inflammation and infection, which can lead to scarring.
Heredity plays a role in the development of acne scars. If you have a family history of acne or scarring, you may be more likely to develop scars yourself.
Hormonal imbalance can also contribute to the development of acne scars. When hormones are out of balance, they can trigger excess oil production, which can lead to clogged pores and breakouts – and eventually, scars.
Age. As we age, our skin becomes less elastic and more susceptible to damage. This means that older adults are more likely to develop scars from their acne than younger people.
Common Acne Treatments
There are a number of over-the-counter products that can help to improve the appearance of the scars. These include gels, creams, and serums that contain ingredients such as retinoids, vitamin C, and hyaluronic acid. These products can help to stimulate collagen production, promote cell turnover, and reduce inflammation.
Retinoid creams are a type of topical medication that contains Vitamin A. They can help to improve the appearance of acne scars by stimulating collagen production and promoting cell turnover. Retinoid creams are available in both prescription and over-the-counter formulations.
Chemical peels are another type of treatment that can be used to improve the appearance of acne scars. They work by exfoliating the top layer of skin to reveal new, unscarred skin beneath. Chemical peels are available in a variety of strengths, from gentle glycolic acid peels to more aggressive trichloroacetic acid peels.
Laser therapy is another option for treating acne scars. It works by targeting and destroying the scar tissue beneath the surface of the skin. Laser therapy can be performed in a doctor’s office or at a med spa, and is usually done in a series of treatments spaced out over several weeks or months.
Microdermabrasion is another type of treatment that can be used to improve the appearance of the scars. It works by using fine abrasive particles to remove the top layer of dead skin cells, revealing newer, healthier skin below. Microdermabrasion is usually performed by a professional in a salon or spa setting.
Vitastem Ultra is a new & innovative topical antibiotic spray developed by parent company ViaDerma has proven to be very effective at treating difficult acne and rejuvenating one’s skin. Patients often see results within 24 hours of use, yet more significant results should be seen within 2 to 3 weeks of using it 2 to 3x daily as treatment.
The bottom line on acne scars & how to treat them…
Bad acne can be a source of embarrassment and insecurity, yet having scars can increase these insecurities much more so. However, there are treatments available to help improve the appearance of your skin. Different types of scars require different approaches, so it’s important to consult with a dermatologist or aesthetician to determine the best course of action. With the right acne treatment plan, you can see significant improvement in the appearance of your skin and regain your confidence.
If you or a loved one suffers from difficult to treat acne and has not had any luck healing them with other products, you should ask your doctor or dermatologist if Vitastem Ultra might be a good acne treatment for your unique skin condition today, so you can heal them and get back to living your life to the fullest once again.